The Nigerian HIV survey results are in

A survey called Nigeria National HIV/AIDS Indicator and Impact Survey (NAIIS) was conducted in Nigeria, in all 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria. This was the largest survey of HIV in Nigeria.

The results show that a national HIV prevalence in Nigeria of 1.4% among adults aged 15–49 years. Prevalence in this context means the number of people with HIV at the time of the survey.

The survey concluded that that there are 1,900,000 million people living with HIV in Nigeria.

The survey also found than more women 1.9% have HIV compared to men 1.1%.

The study also identified differences in HIV rates according to geographical zone. The South-South zone of the country has the highest HIV prevalence, at 3.1% among adults aged 15–49 years. HIV prevalence is also high in the North Central zone (2.0%) and in the South East zone (1.9%). HIV prevalence is lower in the South West zone (1.1%), the North East zone (1.1%) and the North West zone (0.6%).

The survey also highlighted that out of the 1,900,000 million only 44.5% are adequately treated as evidenced by viral suppression (Viral RNA less than 1000 copies per ml).

This means 1,054,500 people are untreated with a propensity for spread of HIV with the higher viral loads.

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The role of the survey is to determine how to plan and implement HIV prevention and treatment strategies by the government and international donors and partners.

What can we do as individuals;

  • Prevent contracting HIV by taking steps to know your status
  • Know your partner’s status
  • Avoid high-risk behaviors.
  • Those with HIV should get treatment which is effective in reducing the viral load to prevent the virus from causing multiple organ damage.
  • Read to find out more about prevention strategies https://health4naija.com/hiv-transmitted-sex-worldaidsday/

Written by Dr. Ngozi Onuoha.

Reference

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geopolitical_zones_of_Nigeria

http://www.unaids.org/en/resources/presscentre/pressreleaseandstatementarchive/2019/march/20190314_nigeria

NIgeria health watch

Image credit Godaddy stock photos

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