Hypertension also called high blood pressure, is elevation of blood pressure above normal range. Today is world hypertension day. This is a day to promote public awareness of hypertension globally and to encourage dialogue on high blood pressure.
Hypertension is a major cause of cardiovascular disease, disability from stroke and heart disease and mortality.
It is estimated that one-third of the world’s population has hypertension.
Here are some journal articles that discuss hypertension.
- In this article on the study of Calcium channel blockers and diuretics: Authors draw the attention of the common side effect of Amlodipine of leg swelling which can occur weeks to months after treatment. They suggest that clinicians could consider this adverse side effect and explore non-pharmacological options.
- This second article discusses summaries of studies that look at cardiovascular events among users of the various blood pressure medications. The reported that major first-line blood pressure medications were effective in reducing cardiovascular events compared with placebo.
- This next article discusses the relationship between hypertension in mid to late life and dementia. Studies have demonstrated a relationship between chronic hypertension and reduced cognition in older adults. In this article, there was a link between dementia and mid to late onset hypertension.
Written by Dr. Ngozi Onuoha
Savage RD, Visentin JD, Bronskill SE, et al. Evaluation of a Common Prescribing Cascade of Calcium Channel Blockers and Diuretics in Older Adults With Hypertension. JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(5):643–651. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7087
Wei J, Galaviz KI, Kowalski AJ, et al. Comparison of Cardiovascular Events Among Users of Different Classes of Antihypertension Medications: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(2):e1921618. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.21618
Walker KA, Sharrett AR, Wu A, et al. Association of Midlife to Late-Life Blood Pressure Patterns With Incident Dementia. JAMA. 2019;322(6):535–545. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.10575