The prostate gland is located at the base of the bladder in men. When enlarged the prostate gland causes all types of urinary symptoms, including urgency, straining, hesitancy: delay in the urine stream, weak urine stream, urinary frequency, waking up at night to urinate, sometimes perineal pain.
An enlarged prostate can be benign, non-malignant or non-cancerous, this is called benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). Medications are given to shrink the prostate but if these medications do not work, then surgery is performed to remove or trim the prostate gland if it causing significant blockage on the urinary tract system (obstructive uropathy). Surgery can be fraught with complications such as bleeding or serious bloodstream infection.
An alternative treatment to surgery is the Prostate artery embolization. This is a pioneering non-surgical procedure that results in a small prostate gland without the risks of surgery.