Preventing head and neck, throat, and genital cancer

Sharing is caring!

Viruses are well known to cause abnormal cell growth that can lead to cancer.

A common virus that affects millions of people globally is the Human Papilloma virus (HPV). This HPV virus is responsible for genital warts as well as cancer of the head, neck, throat, cervix, vulva, penis and anus.

Transmission of HPV is by skin-to-skin contact or during sex. Once transmitted, there are no symptoms, but the virus affects cell growth and over decades transforms normal cells to cancer cells.

The good news is that there is a vaccine against HPV. The HPV vaccine is given to children between ages 11to 12 years. HPV vaccine can be given up to age 45 years.

A recent research study revealed that the HPV vaccine reduces the risk of cervical cancer by 87%.

There are 3 types of HPV vaccines.

The Gardasil-9 is the only HPV vaccine available in the USA.

The quadrivalent HPV vaccine (Gardasil®, 4vHPV), and bivalent HPV vaccine (Cervarix®, 2vHPV)—have been licensed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). All three HPV vaccines protect against HPV types 16 and 18 that cause most HPV cancers.

Gardasil-9 protects against HPV types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58.

Side effects

The side effects of the HPV vaccine are mild.

In a few people who receive an injection, they may feel faint. This is why injections are given sitting or lying down for 15 minutes to prevent injuries from a fall should fainting occur.

In summary:

Cancer is difficult to treat, it is an expensive disease that has a deleterious effect on the affected person and their family.

Aside from modifying cancer risk factors such as smoking, obesity, alcohol, lack of exercise, poor diet with excessive red meat and inadequate vegetables; vaccines are the next best option for preventing the mentioned cancers.

Ask your doctor or health provider about the HPV vaccine.

Disclaimer: This article post and website contains education content and not medical advice.

Source:

https://www.cdc.gov/hpv/hcp/schedules-recommendations.html

Health4Naija

Health education