Cancer trends

Data from 2018 reveals increasing cancer trends of lung, breast, colon, prostate, stomach, esophagus and cervix and others. A total of 18,078,957 cases of cancer were documented in 2018.

Here are ways to prevent cancer or to detect cancer earlier for better outcomes. Early cancer is less challenging to tackle than advanced cancer, so prevention strategies and early identification are standard goals in preventive medicine.

Type of cancerPrevention strategy
Lung Smoking cessation, low dose CT scan in high-risk patients
BreastEarly detection through mammogram starting age 40 years
ColonColonoscopy starting age 45 years in higher risk groups
ProstateProstate specific antigen blood test from age 45 years in higher risk groups
StomachTreating Helicobacter pylori and evaluating for eradication
LiverGive Hepatitis B vaccine. Screen and treat for hepatitis B and C
EsophagusSurveillance upper endoscopy in Barrett esophagus
CervixGive HPV vaccine. Screen with PAP or VIA starting age 21

Written by Dr. Ngozi Onuoha, MD, MBA-HCM



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