Autism and the benefits of music

Autism is a spectrum of developmental disorders first identified in 1943.

In Autism amongst other presentations, is the inability of the child or a person with autism to effectively communicate with others and the lack of social skills.

The landmark paper by the Physician who identified the first person with autism is on this link.

Social skills is the ability to engage with others in a manner to foster relationships, connectivity, and networks. Without good social skills, an individual may be prone to social isolation which leads to anxiety, low self-esteem, depression, and poor overall performance.

The effective treatment of Autism has baffled experts. Now there is increasing research on the role of music in improving brain connectivity to enhance communication and socialization.

In this study published in Translational psychiatry, the group with autism that listened to music for 8 to 12 weeks had improved communication. The researchers recommend that further research is needed to study the neurobiological effects of music interventions in autism.

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In another study in Advanced biomedical research, researchers studied musical activities in relation to social interaction in people with autism and found improvement in social skills from music activities.

In conclusion: Music therapy is useful as part of multidisciplinary care for children and adults with Autism.

Reference:

https://simonsfoundation.s3.amazonaws.com/share/071207-leo-kanner-autistic-affective-contact.pdf

Sharda M, Tuerk C, Chowdhury R, et al. Music improves social communication and auditory-motor connectivity in children with autism. Transl Psychiatry. 2018;8(1):231. Published 2018 Oct 23. doi:10.1038/s41398-018-0287-3

Ghasemtabar SN, Hosseini M, Fayyaz I, Arab S, Naghashian H, Poudineh Z. Music therapy: An effective approach in improving social skills of children with autism. Adv Biomed Res. 2015;4:157. Published 2015 Jul 27. doi:10.4103/2277-9175.161584

Image: GoDaddy stock photo

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