Lately, in global health news, there have been conversations about health equity.
What is Health equity?
The definition of equity is fairness. Health equity means that everyone has the right to good health, to live healthy, and to attain the highest level of health.
Is health equity or fairness being achieved?
We know that there are many health disparities (differences) that occur across many determinants: These are called social determinants of health.
Achieving Health equity (fairness) means tackling the obstacles that affect the social determinants of health. Many obstacles to health fairness stem from poverty, discrimination, lack of access to good jobs, lack of education, lack of housing, lack of safe environments, and lack of healthcare services. When health fairness is lacking, health disparities or differences are seen across population groups.
Health disparities are seen as factors that are preventable: Some of the solutions include identifying the concern, creating awareness, building partnerships to solve the challenge, and measuring the impact.
Written by Dr. Ngozi Onuoha.